Every time I watch television, I frequently hear about athletes being out of their game due to foot sprain, be it in basketball, baseball, football, hockey or others. Even some actors have experienced sprains at some point during their shootings. This condition may also affect anybody due to abnormal bending or twisting of the feet. That is why it is important to know what causes sprains and what the remedies available for sprained foot are.
A sprain on the foot is a tear of ligaments which are bands of fibrous tissues connecting the bones inside a joint. Sprains are classified in different grades depending on severity. A Grade 1 classification is when the injury causes microscopic tears in the ligaments and the pain is just fairly mild. When the ligaments become partially torn and the stretching is severe, it is classified as a Grade 2 sprain. This kind of sprain causes moderate pain. When the ligaments become completely torn such that the foot becomes unstable thereby disabling the person from standing up or walking properly, then it is classified as a Grade 3 sprain which causes severe pain on the patient. Both Grade 1 and Grade 2 sprains can heal within a week, while a Grade 3 sprain can take two months to heal.
Apart from the pain, other symptoms of foot sprains include a tender and swollen foot and blue or black discoloration of the skin or tingling feet. When you feel any of these symptoms and you have doubts that you have suffered a foot sprain, it is best to see your doctor for proper diagnosis. Your doctor will normally ask about personal information including activities you are engaged in as part of the initial checkup. Your doctor will then conduct physical examination of the sprained area and may also ask you to do certain motions. Additionally, your doctor may also request for a CT scan or MRI of the affected area to support the diagnosis.
They say that prevention is always better than cure. And in some instances, sprains are avoidable. One way to avoid sprains is by wearing stiff-soled shoes which can help stabilize the foot. Also, before starting any game or activity, it would help to do stretching or warm up exercises first. If you still suffer from sprains despite doing these safety precautions, there are certain treatments that you could take advantage of.
Right after feeling the pain on the foot, rest first from any physical activity you are doing. Apply an ice pack on the injured area to avoid swelling. If swelling develops, compress it using an elastic bandage. To relieve the pain and swelling, your doctor may also recommend taking acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).
A sprain is a condition that can be prevented if you avoid twisting or excessively bending your feet. If the symptoms have not subsided within two days after applying those treatments for your foot sprain, visit your doctor for a more appropriate treatment.